Gum Disease Stages | Occurance | Symptoms | Treatments

Gum Disease Stages | Occurance | Symptoms | Treatments

Are you concerned about persistent gum bleeding or the noticeable recession of your gums? Do you find your gums swollen or tender to touch? Are you experiencing pain while chewing or sensitivity in your teeth? These symptoms show that you are suffering from gum disease. In America, 46% of adults aged 30 and above exhibit signs of gum disease. These issues can’t be ignored, as they often indicate the presence of a serious oral health condition that is present in all gum disease stages. 

In this article, you will get to know all about the different periodontal disease stages, making it easy for you to identify your specific stage and seek effective treatment. 

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a slow process that worsens over time. Dentists have sorted it into different stages, each with its own treatment and ways to spot what’s going on. Knowing these gum disease stages will help you and your dentist figure out the right care for your gums.

Beginning Stages of Gum Disease

When gum disease is just at its start, you might not see any big problems with your gums. There are two early gum disease stages that can be classified as mild diseases that have their own set of symptoms. 


Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. It happens when there is too much sticky stuff like plaque and tartar on your teeth, making your gums red, puffy, and likely to bleed. 


The good news of this gum disease stage is that it is easily treatable:

  • Your dentist will just clean your teeth thoroughly
  • A good brushing every day will remove the plaque buildup. 
  • You will be recommended some mouthwash to help avoid gingivitis again. 
  • Nutritional supplements can help get rid of this gum condition.

Periodontal Gum Disease Stages 1 - Initial Phase

When you don’t treat the early gum disease stages, which is mostly gingivitis, you will develop a series of problems and move towards the harsh gum disease stages. These are usually classified as the periodontal disease stages that start with the initial phase. 

The stage after gingivitis is the initial phase of periodontal gum disease, which is the start of the irreversible damage. The initial phase is the point when inflammation extends deeper, affecting the supporting structures around your teeth. This happens when you don’t brush for days and have a bad oral care routine.


Although you won’t feel any major pain yet at this stage, there are a few signs that will identify the start of the periodontal disease: 

  • Small pocket-type structures will form between the teeth and gums. 
  • Your breath will worsen, which will be more noticeable than the gingivitis stage. 
  • Gum will begin to recede, making your teeth look longer than usual.
  • Plaque will start forming in the pocket structures, making it impossible for you to brush away. 
  • Bleeding during brushing will increase during these initial gum disease stages. 

This stage is irreversible but can be managed by dentists through various treatment plans:

  • Your dentist will show you how to do a thorough brushing and cleansing of your teeth and gum areas to prevent further plaque buildup. 
  • There are some specific toothpastes and mouthwashes that can help control this gum disease stage. 
  • A dental procedure called debridement will be performed which is the removal of thick tartar that has deposited on and below your gumline. 

Severe Human Periodontal Disease Stages

When you leave your gum disease untreated and do not pay attention to the symptoms, the gum disease stages will continue, taking you to a phase where it becomes very critical and is the start of the moderate and advanced phase. 

It is said that 7.8% of Americans reach the phase of severe periodontitis. It has become even more important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of gum disease stages to prevent the pain accompanying these critical stages. 

Periodontal Gum Disease Stage 2 - Moderate Phase

In the next stage, which is the moderate phase of periodontal gum disease, the symptoms worsen, and pain starts becoming intense and quite noticeable, often unbearable for the patient. You will, at this point, realize that something in your mouth is wrong. 


There are many signs of the moderate stage which you will be able to easily recognize:

  • Your gums will continue to recede to such an extent that your tooth roots will be exposed. 
  • Teeth mobility is a clear sign of this stage; your teeth will start becoming loose. 
  • The space between your teeth and gums will grow, making it very obvious that you are suffering from gum disease. 

There are some treatments that can control the symptoms that occur during this stage:

  • The removal of tartar and plaque through dental appliances and deep cleaning processes
  • Some antibiotics can help stop the bacterial infections that are likely to develop as bacteria form due to plaque buildup. 
  • Tissue grafting is a preferred treatment that dentists apply during this gum disease stage. 

Periodontal Gum Disease Stage 3 - Advanced Phase

The last phase of the gum disease stages is the most critical one, where medical intervention cannot be avoided. During this stage, a person will be in unbearable pain and will have to go through many different symptoms that will be easily identifiable by dentists.


The signs of this advanced phase are drastic, and one cannot ignore them:

  • Your gums will recede to such an extent that all your tooth roots will be exposed. 
  • The loss of teeth will be prominent in this stage, while some of them will be extremely loose. 
  • The large spaces will show extensive damage to the surrounding gum areas. 
  • Pain and discomfort will affect your eating and drinking habits, making you very irritated. 

The only way to contain and improve the symptoms formed during this phase is to go for the dentist-advised treatments:

  • Tooth extraction will be recommended if your teeth have damage and need to be removed. 
  • Flap surgery and gum grafting is also effective treatment to prevent this disease from increasing to a more destructive stage. 
  • Aggressive cleaning of teeth and gums at regular intervals will be recommended by any dentist at this stage. 

These treatment plans will depend on your specific situation, and a dentist will better evaluate what is needed to prevent further damage. 

Dr.Arthur Yeh and Associates - Best Dentists in Montclair, NJ

If you are looking for gum disease experts in Montclair, NJ, then Dr.Arthur Yeh and Associates is your perfect option! Boasting a team of highly trained professionals, we prioritize your oral health with personalized care. 

At our clinic, we utilize advanced technology to provide pain-free treatment to each of our patients. What actually sets us apart is our commitment to affordability. We offer budget-friendly packages, ensuring that our dental services are accessible to everyone. 

Take the first step towards healthier gums by scheduling an appointment with our friendly team! Book your appointment today, and we will get back to you with the best-customized services that you won’t find anywhere else!