How Long Does Tooth Extraction Take To Heal?

How Long Does Tooth Extraction Take To Heal?

Tooth extraction today is not as difficult as it was decades ago. Now, the extraction is convenient, pain-free, and prompt. As for any dental procedure, a specific time is required for the gums, bone, and tissue to heal properly. So, how long does tooth extraction take to heal? Let us go through the healing timeline and understand it entirely in the following context. 

How Long Does Tooth Extraction Take To Heal?

Complete healing after a tooth extraction requires about 1-2 weeks. However, after initial healing, the patient can resume regular diet and activities, which takes around 2-3 days. The healing is a multi-step process, which begins with the formation of a temporary blood clot and its replacement with flesh afterward. 

The exact time required for healing depends upon various factors. Let’s discuss those factors:

Surgical Extraction vs Simple Extraction

There are two types of extraction: simple and surgical. In the case of a simple extraction, the time required for complete healing is less. The tooth is easily accessible and visible to the dentist.

The process involves counseling and briefing the patient about the procedure, followed by a numbing procedure in which local anesthesia is injected. Afterward, with a proper technique, the tooth is removed. It’s essential to use all the instruments in the correct position.

To understand how long tooth extraction takes to heal, you should also know about surgical extraction. In the case of surgical extraction, the entire tooth is not accessible, and the gums have to be cut in a proper direction and manner and with precision to access it. 

Then, the instruments are used to extract it. The dentist must be careful to make small and narrow incisions. If the incisions are long, broad, and wide, they take more time to heal. 

Health of the Patient

The overall health of a patient plays a vital role in healing. For diseases like diabetes, it may take longer for the extraction site to heal. In addition, if a patient is suffering from cardiac disease, cancer, lung disease, or tuberculosis, the healing time may be increased. 

If the blood pressure is higher than 180/110 mmHg, then healing might not take place properly.

How Long Does Tooth Extraction Take To Heal in Cancer Patients?

The natural defense system of cancer patients is generally weaker than that of ordinary, healthy people. Specifically, if a patient has to go through radiotherapy, the oncologists(cancer specialists) prefer the extractions to be done before the radiotherapy session. It takes about 2-3 weeks for it to heal before radiotherapy. 

If extractions are done after radiotherapy, it can lead to a condition known as ‘osteoradionecrosis.’ In this condition, the bone starts to decay and die. Moreover, even after chemotherapy in some types of cancers, there is delayed extraction socket healing. To avoid that, extractions are performed before the chemotherapy session. 

How Long Does Pain Last After Tooth Extraction?

Pain of varied intensities continues after tooth extraction for up to 3 days. After a surgical extraction(specifically of a wisdom tooth), the swelling increases for about three days and subsides after that. That swelling is usually accompanied by pain. After a couple of weeks, tissues that protect the underlying bone form. 

If no granulation tissue(a group of cells formed after tooth extraction on the extraction site) is formed and the underlying bone is exposed, it can create a ‘dry socket.’ In a dry socket, the exposed bone induces much pain and sensitivity and takes a few days to heal completely. 

What Promotes Tooth Extraction Healing?

For the tooth extraction site to heal properly and in an optimal way, the following guidelines should be followed:

Precautions Right After Extraction

  • Remove the gauze after 30-40 minutes or as your dentist indicates. 
  • Keep a check on bleeding and replace the gauze or cotton roll as required.
  • Do not spit, gargle, or use a straw. 
  • Avoid bending or picking things from the floor to avoid the development of pressure. Any negative pressure might dislodge the clot. 
  • Put an extra pillow under your head before sleeping. 
  • Take a day off and rest for a day or as your dentist recommends. 
  • Avoid blowing your nose or sneezing too loudly.
  • Don’t smoke for at least 2-4 days because it delays healing.
  • Take the painkillers as prescribed by the dentist.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Consume a soft diet like soups, broth, pudding, smoothies, etc. 

Precautions After 2-3 Days of Extraction

Following guidelines should be followed to enhance healing. Adopting these will help the formation of gums over the extraction site:

  • Brushing your teeth regularly.
  • Flossing after meals. Brushing and flossing keep the interdental areas of the teeth clean and bacteria-free. A microbe-free environment ensures healing. 
  • Rinsing the mouth with salt water.
  • Avoid abrasive and rigorous cleaning around the missing tooth. Brush slowly and use a soft brush for it. 
  • If bleeding continues and the clot does not form, place a gauze over it and consult the doctor.
  • In case of nausea, fever, dizziness, or pus oozing, visit the dentist. 
  • Avoid hard, chewy, and sticky food.

How To Tell If Your Tooth Extraction Area Healed Properly?

There are signs which depict that the healing has been completed. These landmarks are necessary to know how long tooth extraction takes to heal.

  • You no longer feel pain.
  • The swelling subsides.
  • The color and texture of the gums become coral pink again.
  • Firm tissue forms over the missing tooth area.
  • The extraction site no longer bleeds.
  • Upon radiography, the bone has increased in size and density.


After reading this article, you must have understood, ‘How long does tooth extraction take to heal?’ The extraction socket can heal entirely within two weeks with proper precautions and care. However, if things are not normal, you should consult the dentist to avoid complications. 

If you are searching for the right dental surgeon for tooth extraction in Montclair, NJ, then you are at the right spot. Dr. Arthur Yeh and Associates ensure smooth and pain-free tooth extraction services in Montclair, NJ. Book your appointment today!